The surrogacy (regulation) bill, 2019 was introduced by the Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan in lok sabha on 15th of july, 2019.
WHAT IS SURROGACY?
It is a practice where a woman gives birth to a child for an intending couple with the intention to handover the child after birth to that intending couple.
The bill regulates altruistic surrogacy ,prohibits commercial surrogacy :
The lok sabha passed the bill with a voice vote .It seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and provides for constituting a National Surrogacy Board, State surrogacy boards and the appointment of appropriate authorities for the regulation of practice and process of surrogacy. As per this bill, the intending couple for surrogacy has to be Indian citizen. The bill thus effectively debars the foreigners and persons of Indian origin to avail the surrogacy services in india The bill allows altruistic surrogacy, which involves a surrogacy arrangement where the monetary award only includes medical expenses and insurance coverage for the surrogate mother. It prohibits the commercial surrogacy ,which includes the monetary benefit or reward (in cash or in kind) that exceeds the value of medical expenses and insurance of surrogate mother.
RECENT NEWS :
The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 is going to be placed before the Rajya sabha in the ensuing monsoon session .
Last year, after the lok sabha passes the bill , Rajya Sabha referred it to the select committee seeking certain amendments.
The select committee presented its report on 5 February, 2020 to rajya sabha . It opined that the facility to avail surrogacy procedure may be extended to persons of Indian origin who had their ancestral roots in India.
What did Dr. Harsh vardhan said ?
He said that the bill is aimed at :
• Ending the exploitation of women who are lending their wombs for surrogacy , and protecting the rights of children born through this.
• Looking after the interests of couple that opt for surrogacy ,ensuring that there are laws protecting them against the exploitation by clinics that are carrying it as a business.
• Protecting the interest of women by the govt.
FOR WHAT PURPOSE IS SURROGACY PERMITTED :
• For intending couples who suffer from proven infertility
• Not for commercial purpose
• Not for producing children for sale, prostitution or any other form of exploitation