Updated: Oct 11, 2020

The second law commission was appointed on November 19, 1853, for the period of 3 years under the chairmanship of Sir John Romilly. There were seven members in this Law Commission. This Commission held its meeting of 1856 and submitted its 4 report after examining the proposal of the First Law Commission.

Reports First report The second law commission submitted its first report in 1885 in which it proposed the unification of the supreme court with Sadar Adalat. It also suggested that a high court should be established in the place of these three courts. Second report In this report The Law Commission agreed with the lex loci report of the first law commission that there should be substantive civil law for the inhabitants of the muffasil the commission also expressed a view that only so much portion of the English law should be adopted in India which did not offend the sentiment and emotions of the native. Third report The Law Commission suggested a judicial system and procedure for the court in North Western provinces Fourth report In fourth report, the commission propose the judicial plan for the presidencies of Bombay and Madras as a uniform pattern. Codes prepared by the second law commission The second law commission submitted four draft codes on civil procedure which were finally introduced as codified civil law under the act of 1859. This code was abolished in 1877 and 1882. Finally the Civil Procedure Code 1908 enforced throughout the country. The Penal Code drafted by Lord Macaulay in 1837 was received by Sir Barnes's peacock, who was one of the members of second law commission. It was finally enacted in 1860. The Indian High Court Act was passed in 1861 whereby the Supreme Court and Sadar Adalat where abolished and in their place a High Court was established in each of the Providences.

Credit: Pratyaksha

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