The case first made its way to court of the British Raj in the 19th century, though the specific legal matters being decided here date back to events from 1949 when an idol of the Hindu god Ram was placed under the central dome of the Babri Masjid , a mosque believed to have been built by the mughals under babar.


The Kanauj kingdom arose in Ayodhya, then called Oudh, during 11th and 12th centuries the barber masjid (“mosque of barber “)was build in the early 16th century by Mughal emperor babur on the site traditionally identified as Rama’s birthplace and as the location of an ancient Hindu temple, the Ram Janmabhoomi

2019 supreme court verdict on Ayodhya dispute

The final judgment in the Ayodhya dispute was declared by the supreme court of India on 9 November 2019.The supreme court of India ordered t he disputed land (2.77 acres) to be handed over trust (to be created by government of India) to build the ram janmabhoomi (revered as the birthplace of Hindu deity, ram)temple. The court also ordered the government to give an alternative 5 acres of land in another place to the utter Pradesh of building a mosque as replacement for the demolished Babri masjid.


The five –judge bench of supreme court unanimously pronounced its verdict on 9 November 2019. The judgment can be summarised as follow

The court ordered the government of India to create a trust build the Ram Mandir temple and form a board of trustees within three months. The disputed land will be owned by government of India and subsequently transferred to the trust after its formation.

The court ruled that the 2010 Allahabad High court’s decision ,division of the disputed land was incorrect .

The court ordered the entire disputed land of area of 2.77 acres to be allocated for the construction of the temple while an alternative piece of land of area of 5 acres be allocated to the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf board for the construction of a mosque at a suitable place within Ayodhya.

The court ruled that the Demolition of the Babri Masjid and the 1949 desecration of the Babri Masjid was constructed on a “structure” whose architecture was distinctly indigenous and non-islamic.

The court rejected the claim made by Shia Waqf Broad against the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Broad for the ownership of the babri Masjid.

On 12 December 2019 the supreme court dismissed all the 18 petitions seeking review of the verdict.


Supreme court has granted the entire 2.77 acres of disputed land in Ayodhya to deity Ram lalla.

Supreme court has directed the center and Uttar Pradesh government to allot an alternative 5 acres land to the Muslims at a prominent place to build mosque.

The court has asked centre to consider granting some kind of representation to Nirmohi Akhara in setting up of trust. Nirmohi Akhara was the third party in the Ayodhya dispute.

The supreme court dismissed the plea of Nirmohi Akhara, which was seeking control of the entire disputed land, saying they are the costodian of the land.

The supreme court has directed the union government to set up a trust in 3

months for the construction of the Ram Mandir at the disputed site where Babri Masjid was demolished to build a mosque.


The CJI has, earlier, said Wednesday will be the 40th and last day of hearing. The supreme court on Wednesday made it clear that it will conclude today the day-to-day hearing in the politically sensitive Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case at Ayodhya saying “enough is enough”.

Credit: Shikha Pandey

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