Author: Muskan Gupta
College: Biyani law College
On July 29,Union Cabinet approved the National Education Policy,2020, paving way for transformational reforms in school and higher education sector in the country. The New Education Policy,2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”. The new academic session will begin in September-October – the delay is due to the unprecedented coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak – and the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session kicks in. After over 34 years this change has been brought. The education policy was released in the year 1986. key points of the new education policy 2020:
New Pedagogical and curricular structure: The extant 10+2 structure in school education will be modified with a new pedagogical and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18. Currently, children in the age group of 3- 6 are not covered in the 10+2 structure as Class 1 begins at age 6. In the new 5+3+3+4 structure, a strong base of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) from age 3 is also included. National Curricular and pedagogical framework to be developed by NCERT
More focus on vocational studies in school- level: Every child to learn at least one vocation and exposed to several more. such as carpentry, electric work, metal work, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.A 10-day bagels period sometime during Grades 6-8 to intern with local vocational experts such as carpenters, gardeners, potters, artists, etc.Similar internship opportunities to learn vocational subjects to students throughout Grades 6-12, including holiday periods. Vocational courses through online mode will also be made available.
E-content in regional language: There will e- content in regional language apart from English and Hindi, said Khare. E courses to be in eight major languages not just English and Hindi
360 degree holistic report card for students: Students will get 360 degree holistic report card, which will not only inform about the marks obtained by them in subjects, but also their skills and other important points.
NIOS to develop high quality modules for Indian Sign Language: National Institute for Open schooling will develop high-quality modules to teach Indian Sign Language, and to teach other basic subjects using Indian Sign Language.
School complexes to be used for adult education courses after school hours: Use of schools/ school complexes beyond school hours and public library spaces for adult education courses which will be ICT-equipped when possible and for other community engagement and enrichment activities
Pre- school section in Kendriya Vidyalayas: Pre-school sections covering at least one year of early childhood care and education will be added to Kendriya Vidyalayas and other primary schools around the nation, particularly in disadvantaged areas.
NCC wings in secondary and higher secondary schools under Ministry of Defence: Under the aegis of the Ministry of Defence, State Governments may encourage opening NCC wings in their secondary and higher secondary schools, including those located in tribal dominated areas
Free boarding facilities in JNV: Free boarding facilities will be built - matching the standard of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas particularly for students who from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds
All higher education institute to become multidisciplinary institutions: A university will mean a multidisciplinary institution that offers undergraduate and graduate programmes, with high quality teaching, research, and community engagementBy 2040, all higher education institutions (HEIs) shall aim to become multidisciplinary institutions, each of which will aim to have 3,000 or more students
One large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district by 2030: NEP aims at setting up at least one large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district by the year 2030.
IITs to become multidisciplinary institution, opening doors for humanities students: Even engineering institutions, such as IITs, will move towards more holistic and multidisciplinary education with more arts and humanities. Students of arts and humanities will aim to learn more science
Undergraduate degree courses to have multiple exit options: The undergraduate degree courses will be of either 3 or 4- year duration, with multiple exit options. A certificate course after completing 1 year in a discipline or field, including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme. The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programme, however, shall be the preferred option.
Academic Bank to store credits: An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) shall be established which would digitally store the academic credits earned
International Students Office at each institution hosting foreign students: New Education Policy 2020 aims at promotion India as a global study destination providing premium education at affordable costs. An International Students Office at each institution hosting foreign students will be set up.
Best universities to set up campuses in other countries: High performing Indian universities will be encouraged to set up campuses in other countries. Selected universities like those from among the top 100 universities in the world will be facilitated to operate in India.
National Committee for integration of vocation Education -Lok Vidya: Lok Vidya’, i.e., important vocational knowledge developed in India, will be made accessible to students. The education ministry, would constitute a National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education (NCIVE)
National Research Foundation (NRF) to be established: A National Research Foundation (NRF) will be established. The overarching goal of the NRF will be to enable a culture of research to permeate through universities. The NRF will be governed, independently of the government, by a rotating Board of Governors consisting of the very best researchers and innovators across fields
Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) proposed: New Education Policy proposes the setting up of an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) while also laying significant emphasis on Sanskrit and other Indian languages.
Multiple entry and exit programme: We aims at 50% gross enrolment ratio by 2035. There will be multiple entry and exit options for those who wish to leave the course in the middle. Their credits will be transferred through Academic Bank of Credits, said Amit Khare, secretary of education ministry.
Financial Autonomy to be given to 45K affiliated colleges: There are over 45,000 affiliated colleges in our country. Under Graded Autonomy, Academic, Administrative & Financial Autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation
Coding to be taught from class 6 onwards: Students of class 6 and onwards will be taught coding in schools as a part of 21st century skills, school education secretary said.
National Scholarship portal for SC, ST, OBC, SEDGs students to be expanded: Efforts will be made to incentivize the merit of students belonging to SC, ST, OBC, and other SEDGs. The National Scholarship Portal will be expanded to support, foster, and track the progress of students receiving scholarships. Private HEIs will be encouraged to offer larger numbers of free ships and scholarships to their students.
Minimum qualification for teaching - 4 year integrated B.Ed degree: A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree .Stringent action will be taken against substandard stand-alone Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs).
HECI- Common regulatory body for entire higher education: Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body the for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI to have four independent verticals - National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation.
Various new provisions for children with disabilities: Children with disabilities will be enabled to fully participate in the regular schooling process from the foundational stage to higher education, with support of educators with cross disability training, resource centres, accommodations, assistive devices, appropriate technology-based tools and other support mechanisms tailored to suit their needs. Every state/district will be encouraged to establish
“Bal Bhavans” as a special daytime boarding school, to participate in art-related, career- related, and play-related activities. Free school infrastructure can be used as Samajik Chetna Kendras
Education sector to get 6% of GDP, earlier it was 1.7%: Rajya Sabha MP, Subramanian Swamy tweeted, “I welcome the new Education Policy of the Modi government. I had a discussion with the MoHD earlier which I had tweeted. My suggestion was the Education must get 6% of GDP not the present 1.7%. This has been accepted in the new Policy.
Bag- less days encouraged: Bagless days will be encouraged throughout the year for various types of enrichment activities involving arts, quizzes, sports, and vocational crafts.
Three language learned by children will be the choice of state, regions and students: The three-language learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.
Medium of instruction will be the local/ regional language: Wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language.
No hard separation of streams for students: Students will be given increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in secondary school - including subjects in physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational skills. There will be no hard separation among ‘curricular’, ‘extracurricular’, or ‘co-curricular’, among ‘arts’, ‘humanities’, and ‘sciences’, or between ‘vocational’ or ‘academic’ streams
Content will focus on idea, application, problem- solving: The mandated content will focus on key concepts, ideas, applications, and problem-solving. Teaching and learning will be conducted in a more interactive manner
Curriculum content to be reduced: Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials, and make space for critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
NIOS, open schools to offer courses for grades 3,5 and 8:
NIOS and State Open Schools will also offer A, B and C levels that are equivalent to Grades 3, 5, and 8 of the formal school system; secondary education programs that are equivalent to Grades 10 and 12; vocational education courses/programs; and adult literacy and life- enrichment programs.
Nutrition and health cards, regular health check-ups for school students:
The nutrition and health (including mental health) of children will be addressed, through healthy meals and regular health check-ups, and health cards will be issued to monitor the same.
National Mission on Foundation Literacy and Numeracy to be set up by MHRD:
A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy will be set up by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) on priority.
Early childhood care and education curriculum (ECCEC) to be carried out by MHRD, WCD, HFW, tribal affairs:
The planning and implementation of early childhood care and education curriculum (ECCEC) will be carried out jointly by the Ministries of HRD, Women and Child Development (WCD), Health and Family Welfare (HFW), and Tribal Affairs.
Preparatory class Balavatika for children below the age of 5:
Prior to the age of 5 every child will move to a “Preparatory Class” or “Balavatika” (that is, before Class 1), which has an ECCE-qualified teacher.
Tech- based option for adult learning through apps, TV channels etc:
Quality technology-based options for adult learning such as apps, online courses/modules, satellite-based TV channels, online books, and ICT-equipped libraries and Adult Education Centres, etc. will be developed.
NTA to offer common entrance exam:
The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a high-quality common aptitude test, as well as specialized common subject exams in the sciences, humanities, languages, arts, and vocational subjects, at least twice every year for university entrance exams.
New Education Policy will bring a slew of major changes including allowing top foreign universities to set up campuses to India, a greater proportion of students getting vocational education and a move towards institutes including IITs turning multi-disciplinary.