Domestic violence is a pattern of assault and coercive behaviour including physical, sexual
and psychological attacks, by a person against his/her own intimate partner. Women are more
frequently the victims. After a global overview of the prevalence and nature of domestic
violence against women especially in Mauritius, this articles provides a discussion about
health problems and risk factors among the female victims with the objective of giving
preventive measures to eradicate it from society. NGOs, along with legislative measures,
have proven helpful in improving quality of life and preventing violence-related injuries
among women. The health sector also plays an important role as part of multi-sector efforts in
early detection and prevention of cases of domestic violence. Psychiatrists are in a unique
position for early identification of such patients as well as intervention.
Domestic violence (also named domestic abuse, battering, or family violence) is a pattern
of behaviour which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a
domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. Intimate partner violence is violence by
a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. Domestic
violence can take place in heterosexual and same-sex family relationships, and can include
violence against children or the elderly. Domestic violence can take a number of
forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, reproductive, and
sexual abuse, which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent
physical abuse such as choking, beating, female genital mutilation and acid throwing that
results in disfigurement or death. Domestic murders include stoning, bride burning, honor
killings, and dowry deaths.
Domestic violence occurs when the abuser believes that abuse is acceptable, justified, or
unlikely to be reported. It may produce inter-generational cycles of abuse in children and
other family members, who may feel that such violence is acceptable or condoned. Very few
people recognize themselves as abusers or victims because they may consider their
experiences as family disputes that just got out of control.
Awareness, perception, definition and documentation of domestic violence differs widely
from country to country. Domestic violence often happens in the context of forced or child
LAWS FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, it used to be the IPC sections
which were used by Police to book cases in domestic violence, it was felt were not well
defined and were inadequate.
For maintenance CrPC Section 125 was used.
Domestic Violence (Amendment) Act 2017
Prevent gaps in protection. An interim protection order (IPO) protects survivors
during police investigation, while a protection order (PO) protects survivors during
criminal court proceedings. The amendments specify when an IPO ends, and when a
PO begins, so survivors won’t be left without protection between police investigations
and court proceeding.
Strengthen the IPO to prevent further abuse. With the amendments, an IPO can
include additional safeguards, like prohibiting an abuser from coming near a survivor
– so police can intervene before further violence happens.
Expand the definition of domestic violence. The expanded definition will protect
against: misappropriating property, which causes distress; threatening, which causes
distress or fear for safety; or communicating (including electronically) with the
survivor to insult modesty.
Improve rehabilitation provisions. A court can no longer order a survivor to attend
reconciliatory counselling with the abuser, which puts the survivor in danger. Instead,
the abuser can be ordered to complete a rehabilitation programme.
Recognise survivor’s right to exclusive occupancy. If a court grants a survivor
occupancy of a shared residence, it must grant the survivor exclusive occupancy – not
just a specified part of the residence.
Keep survivors better informed. The police officer must keep survivors informed on
the status of investigation, status of IPO and PO, and important court dates.
Create the Emergency Protection Order (EPO). The EPO helps survivors get
protection faster – EPOs are issued by social welfare officers who are easily
accessible (IPOs are issued by magistrates). Survivors won’t have to make a police
report to get an EPO. The EPO is valid for seven days, and protects against physical
injury and fear of physical injury.
Our sympathy is mostly with women. But I believe that violence is a virtue that is found in all
beings. Violence in Hindi means killing a creature or causing it some kind of pain, which is
often considered a sin in all religions, harming or harming someone, misbehaving with an
intimate partner or spouse, domestic violence. Under this law, various types of violence and
abuse come under the purview of domestic violence.
The idea is that what is this 'violence'?
According to the definition of the World Health Organization, violence is "the intentional use of physical force or power against oneself, against another person or a group or community,
whether threatening or real, resulting in a high probability that it will result in injury, Death
occurs in the form of psychological harm, weakness, or malignancy. However the
organization recognizes that the inclusion of "use of power" in its definition enhances the traditional understanding of the term. This definition includes the intent to perform the action
itself, no matter what results it produces. However, usually, anything that is provoked in a
harmful or harmful way can be described as violence, even if it is not meant to be violence
(by and against a person). Actions can be: -
It is not that it is only in India. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in early April
that "domestic violence has increased horribly during the lockdown". According to the
United Nations, the number of calls to the helpline in Lebanon and Malaysia has doubled in
the same months of the year compared to last year, while China has tripled. In France, 32
percent of domestic violence complaints have increased since the lockdown. In Spain, phone
complaints are 12 percent and online advice helplines are 270 percent. There is a similar
situation in Italy. Cases have increased by 40-50% in Brazil. There are about 2000 complaints
of domestic violence in the US every day and out of this, about 950 Corona virus is being
What is violence In the solution of this question, it can be said that to kill a creature, to kill
another person, or to approve a person by seeing someone without death, to rule a creature, to
enslave. , Any kind of pain, torture or disturbance is also violence.
Awakening of Kashaya (anger, mana, maya, greed) in the mind is sense violence and giving
the form of speech and action to the mind is called violence. That is, the misuse of mind,
speech and action, which results in destruction or dysfunction, is violence. According to the
organizations working in the interest of men, there has been an increase of 17.5 percent cases
of harassment on men due to lock-down.
In the year 2019, there were 76254 cases in the country which increased to 96834 in 2020. In
2019, there were 8108 cases in Madhya Pradesh which has now been 9577. Along with this,
in Bhopal, in Indore, in Jabalpur, in Gwalior in 2019, 400, 361, 328, 285 respectively. In
2020, 470, 413, 374, 336 cases were registered respectively. These figures are from 24 March
to 24 April. 27 percent of cases have increased across the country. 20580 cases have
increased comparatively. In a month, 70 cases have increased only in Bhopal. Bhopal is at
number one and Indore is at number two. Men are 25 to 45 years of age among the
complainants. Paurush Help Line, Indore. Bhai Welfare, Bhopal. National Men's Commission
Coordination Committee, Delhi. Call for help to organizations like Save Indian Family
Foundation. This proves that violence has no gender basis. Whoever is incarnate in this
world, commits violence in some form or the other. Even if he remains stable in one place, he
also takes food, fruits, vegetation etc. as a food. In order to protect our body and existence, a
person has to do some kind of violence. The three main reasons for these violence are- Due to
personal selfishness - There is violence in consuming food, etc. There is personal selfishness
in it because food protects our body. Due to charity - violence done for the protection and
shelter of others. Violence for the happiness and peace of a creature.
If there is a wound in any part of the body, sometimes this part has to be cut. In his ashram,
Gandhiji had ordered to kill a dying calf to kill him. Gandhiji has further clarified the concept
of violence, saying that 'misconduct is violence, rash violence, false speech is violence,
malice violence, violence is bad for anyone. Violence is also the possession of what is
necessary for the world. According to Gandhiji, there are as many human actions based on
ego or importance. They are all violence. Such as selfishness, sense of sovereignty, caste
animosity, unbalanced and unsymmetrical indulgence, worship of pure materiality, blindness
of personal and class interests, saturation of our desires on the basis of arms and power, force
to uphold their authority. Use and abduction of rights of other persons etc. Harassment is
divided on the basis of physical, mental, emotional and gender. More calls came due to
physical harassment. According to data from the National Commission for Women, the
incidents of sexual exploitation, domestic violence and assault against women have increased
significantly amid the lockdown. In the month of April, 54 complaints against women were
registered online in cybercrime. While 37 complaints were reported in March and only 21
complaints were filed in February. Online complaints have increased significantly amid
lockdowns. According to Akanksha Srivastava, founder of Akanksha Foundation, from
March 25 to April 25, he received a total of 412 complaints of cyber crime. Out of which 396
complaints were such which were quite serious. This includes women being beaten, abused,
pornographic videos, threats, abuses and extortion demands ranging from blackmailing.
Explain that this organization works to make people aware of crime against women.
According to Akanksha Srivastava, they are receiving an average of 20 to 25 complaints
every day between lockdowns, while the number was much lower till the lockdown. Earlier,
he used to get 10 or less complaints daily. According to data from the National Commission
for Women, 69 cases of domestic violence, 15 of torture of married women, two of murders
due to dowry and 13 of rape or attempted rape have been reported during the lockdown.
According to the 2018 data, "atrocities on women by husbands and relatives is around 32 per cent which means around one third".
In 2018, the police had registered 103,272 such cases.
According to the National Health Survey of India, during 2015-16, 33% of women have
suffered violence of their husbands in some form, whether it is on physical, sexual or
emotional level. But only 14 percent of these women came forward to help. According to
NCW data, 69 cases of domestic violence during the lockdown, 77 cases of dignity, 77 cases
of harassment of married women, 15 cases of murders due to dowry, 13 cases of rape or
attempted rape were registered. Huh. Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of 90 complaints
of domestic violence and harassment. There have been 37 complaints from Delhi, 18 from
Bihar, 11 from Madhya Pradesh and 18 from Maharashtra.
Prior to the lockdown, 36 complaints were registered from Uttar Pradesh, 16 from Delhi,
eight from Bihar, four from Madhya Pradesh and five from Maharashtra. In the first three
weeks of the mean lockdown between March 23 to April 16, 239 cases of domestic violence
were reported in the Women's Commission. This is much higher than the 123 cases that
occurred in the month before the lockdown began.
The violence that goes into preparing early violence. Industrial violence - farming, fencing,
industry - business etc. which is the death penalty. Anti-violence - The violence that occurs in
opposing the attacks of enemies or oppressors on society, nation etc. It is a matter of sorrow
as well as irony that these accidents are shameful today in a country where culture is
universally recognized, where the saga of the couple, the stories are examples of love and
dedication. Successful couples are the basis of a bright future for the country. Violence is a
bad omen. There is a need to find out the reasons for these as well as their proper and
effective solutions so that the social unit of the country can live its life in peace and
happiness. Because violence is bad in any way… no matter what…
On the lines of 'Samrath ko nahi dosh gusai', the women of the rich class may get some
respect but I should make it clear that this discrimination in women will only be explained.
The pain is shared by everyone. From one. Because here on this earth there are only two
species - male and female. In which the sins of man sit like a stone in water but the sins of
woman float like a flower in water. . No matter how lousy the life partner is, he is not going
to give a lifetime support on this occasion, but women cannot dare to leave those carvings
because this house, this society, these people do not allow you to do so. Where are you
human? You don't even want to be. So suffer this arrogance. Data from surveys between the
ages of 40–49 show that women in India supported domestic violence the most, with 54.%
agreement. The percentage that justifies abuse is slightly lower in younger women. 47.7% of
girls between the ages of 15 and 19 agree with violence committed by husbands.
Mahatma Gandhi said- 'Every home in India is a school, a college. Parents are teachers. The
parents left this work of their teacher, as if they left their religion '. But they forgot that the
education of respect for women and men, where the education of right now stands in our
values? If we want to stop violence, then we must first Measures stop exploitation of women.
This slight difference in women's attitudes towards domestic violence is also seen in urban
and rural areas. While 54.4% of rural women surveyed across the country agreed with
domestic abuse, only 46.8% of urban women supported such violence. The most frequent
form of sexual violence by women was that their husbands used physical intercourse when
they did not want to (5.4%). About 4% reported that their husbands forced them to perform
sexual acts by threats or other means they did not want to do, and 3% reported that their
husbands forced them to perform other sexual acts that they did not Wanted to do.
The scenario is not different for single women. The survey report stated that the most
common perpetrators of sexual violence on unmarried women were other relatives (27%),
followed by a current or ex-boyfriend (18%), their own friend or acquaintance (17%) and a
family friend ( 11%) were. ). Ironically, India is one of the 37 countries where marital rape,
the act of intercourse with someone without the consent of the spouse, is still not a criminal
offense. Violence is a tendency to be worse than animalism, mental disorder. There is so
much opposition in the lives of women that they are called Gruhalakshmi. The beauty of the
house too. In the scriptures and poetry, there is the status of a goddess. They also worship.
Just humans don't believe. Ved Vyas has also said in Mahabharata's Shanti Parva that
'Housewife is called home, house without housewife is Aranya'.
Tulsi Das ji has also said in the Ramacharit Manas that "Even the animals and birds know
interest and harm, and then human body is the storehouse of quality knowledge". But even
these most knowledgeable men did not know that in this knowledge of theirs, women will get
human status when either or all will be possible.
In a worshiped country where the government still has to run a campaign for cleanliness, it is
necessary to share the knowledge of washing hands after defecation, repeated strictures have
to be done to avoid epidemic corona, people of which country It seems like a daydream for
women to change their enjoyment mentality, no matter what the cost of their lives. This
walker is very difficult. But we have to walk… We all .. We all have to meet .. If we have to
get the floor, we have to take away our right to live, we have to write our own story… The
pen should be our own… The paper is our own .. Let the story be your own… be relaxed and
respectful. So just fight in the Corona war, voice it before the lockdown turns into a 'lockup
torture room' for you.
“Time is fragile, be careful. This war is a little different ... fight
credit: MADHVI SHARMA
clg name: rajasthan university