Meaning- elsewhere/at another place
In the 18th century alibi meant ‘an assertion by a person that he or she was
elsewhere’. But In the 20th century, a new sense raises to the meaning as ‘an
It is a defense used in Criminal procedure whereby an accused person tries to
prove that they were somewhere else at the time of an alleged offense was
committed. In simple terms, a claim that a person cannot be held guilty of a
crime because he/she was somewhere else when the crime took place. It differs
from all the other defenses, in the way that it is based upon the premise that the
defendant is truly innocent.
A person’s alibi is the evidence that proves that he/she is innocent.
A is charged with killing B. Then A offers a shred of evidence that he was in
class on the day and at the time of the murder. The evidence could be in the
form of witnesses who were there in the class along with A, or an attendance
sheet showing him in class, among other things. Thus, the evidence
demonstrates an alibi of A.
In Bikau Pandey And Ors vs. the State Of Bihar, the Supreme Court of India
state that “So far as the question of alibi is concerned, when the presence of the
concerned accused is established, the Court could not surely believe the
counter-evidence unless it is of such quality as would create a reasonable doubt
on the minds of the Court that the prosecution version was not cogent.”
credit: Nandini Gupta