10 Rights of women that every women must know about.

1. Women have the right to dignity and decency

In an event that the accused is a woman, any medical examination procedure on her must be performed by -- or in the presence of -- another woman.

2. Women have the right to get free legal aid

Under the Legal Services Authorities Act, female rape victims have the right to get free legal aid or help from the Legal Services Authority who has to arrange a lawyer for her.

3. Women have the right to register virtual complaints

The law gives women the provision for filing virtual complaints via e-mail, or writing her complaint and sending it to a police station from a registered postal address.

Further, the SHO sends a police constable to her place to record her complaint.

This is in case a woman is not in a position to physically go to a police station and file a complaint.

4. Women have the right against indecent representation

Depiction of a woman's figure (her form or any body part) in any manner that is indecent, derogatory, or is likely to deprave, corrupt or injure the public morality or morals, is a punishable offence.

5. Women have the right against being stalked

Section 354D of the IPC makes way for legal action to be taken against an offender if he/she follows a woman, tries to contact her to foster personal interaction repeatedly despite a clear indication of disinterest; or monitor the use by a woman of the internet, email or any other form of electronic communication.

6. Women have a right to Zero FIR

An FIR that can be filed at any police station irrespective of the location where the incident occurred or a specific jurisdiction it comes under, the Zero FIR can later be moved to the police Station in whose jurisdiction the case falls under.

7. Protection from Disclosure of Identity To avoid social victimization of a person who has been sexually offended, as per the Indian Penal Code stating in its Section 228A there is a provision that states, “Whoever prints or publishes the name or any matter which may make known the identity of any person against whom an offence under Section 376, is found to have been committed, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years and shall also be liable to fine.”

8. Maternity Benefits for Women & Working Environment a provision was made part of Article 42 of the Indian Constitution where the State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief of pregnant women.

9. Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971

The Act came into effect into 1972, was amended in 1975 and 2002. The aim of the Act is to reduce the occurrence of illegal abortion and consequent maternal mortality and morbidity. It clearly states the conditions under which a pregnancy can be ended or aborted and specifies the persons qualified to conduct the same.

10. National Commission for Women Act, 1990

The National Commission for Women (NCW) is a statutory body of the Government of India, established in January 1992. Lalitha Kumaramangalam was appointed its Chairperson in 2014. The NCW represents the rights of women in India and provides a voice for their issues and concerns. The National Commission for Women Act aims to improve the status of women and worked for their economic empowerment.

Credit: Shivalika

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